PDF EPUB Think A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy author Simon Blackburn – dugisits.co.za


  • Hardcover
  • 296
  • Think A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy
  • Simon Blackburn
  • en
  • 09 November 2018
  • 9780192100245

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Think A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy Summary è 109 Free read à E-book, or Kindle E-pub ó Simon Blackburn Here at last is a coherent unintimidating introduction to the challenging and fascinating landscape of Western philosophy Written expressly for anyone w. Who am I What is the world Does god exist Do I have a free will These are uestions every single one of us has asked himself in the course of his life some only to consider them as unimportant and forget about them others countless times dwelling on possible answers and becoming and fascinated with them If you are one of the latter and I certainly am this is a book for youThough slightly arrogant the sub title of the book is the best description of its contents A compelling introduction to philosophy Blackburn uses his experience and education as a philosopher to give a basic overview of the central arguments in each popular field of philosophy While evaluating these arguments he conveys his fascination with philosophy to the readerBefore continuing with a detailed description of the book s contents let me warn those of you who want to read this book passively consuming its contents like the superficial plot of a bad work of fiction This will simply not do There is a reason the book s title is Think You really have toBlackburn groups the philosophical arguments into different categories of reasoning allowing the reader to grasp the chains of reasoning in one particular field before understanding the relations between different philosophists and their culturalreligious backgroundIn the first chapter Knowledge he describes Descartes famous proof of the existence of the world in which Descartes reasons that god exists both the trademark argument and the ontological argument are given for his existence and is not evil so he would not deceive mankind and therefore the world exists Blackburn points out the possibility of the Cartesian circle namely assuming god s existence in order to prove his existence This chapter introduced me to the concept of coherentism ie the belief that we do not need one single foundation for all our reasoningThe following chapter deals with the mind When I see the colour blue do others see it the same way as I do Is the relation between events and the feeling I feel totally random Or might there only be one option for this relation all other options being made impossible by physical facts such as is the case with our perception of colourThe chapter on free will discusses the possibility of a predetermined fate like voiced in countless religious texts Do we have a choice in what we do or is it only the result of cultural conditioning Can we really blame a murderer for killing someone if he had a depression In this chapter I first encountered the belief that reducing people to predetermined and conditioned factors objectivies them taking away their humanity What is the self Do we have a soul and is it immortal These and other uestions are discussed in the next chapter The traditional argument for the immortality of the soul is that only composite things can decay but the soul is not composite As all the molecules our body are made out of change every few years except the brain s I believe the uestion must be asked Am I the same person as I was when I was 5 years old Locke answers this by saying that I am if and only if I have the same memories as the five year old had That allows for the possibility of person A being the same as person B and person B being the same as person C without person A being the same as person C which seems to be a contradiction But acutally it is not exactly because the soulmindconsciousnesswhatever is composite and not simple being the same therefore only implies satisfactory resemblanceThe existence of god is the topic of the next chapter in which all the standard arguments for god are shown and evaluated ontological cosmological first cause and design The issue of god being all caring not being compatible with a world full of suffering is raised Hume s most ingenious argument rejecting testimony of miracles is presented He simply says that it is always probably that someone made up the story than that the miracle happened Problem solved Pascal s argument for believing in god is described namely that the benefits far outweigh the disadvantages Now comes my favourite chapter Reasoning In this chapter Blackburn introduces the reader to symbolic logic and truth tables He shows how Frege overcame the ambiguity of language by introducing mathematic symbols existential and universal uantifiers He introduces the reader to the philosophy of language and how there are implications hidden in words like but He shows that there is no reason to believe the sky will continue to be blue or that any law of nature will exist in the next second He gives the example of a test for a rare disease to explain the fallacy of ignoring the base rate and explains Baye s theorem Do things actually exist Is something blue or do I only perceive it as blue The chapter The World tries to point out traditional answers to uestions like these Some people say we should reduce matter to forces because forces are the only way we can study the world our experience of matter is only deduced from forces acting upon it and therefore we don t really have any knowledge about matter Does anything exist without somebody being conceiving itI am sorry to say that I was disappointed by the last chapter What to do This chapter does not even touch upon the most basic problems of ethics such as Kant vs Utilitarianism and me having learnt basically only ethics in school this was uite heavy Actually Blackburn has written a whole other book on ethics later Being good so maybe it was too much of a topic to deal with in one chapterAll in all this is a great book introducing the reader to most of the important concepts of philosophy minus ethics and presenting the information and chains of reasoning in a way that makes the reader enjoy dwelling on philosophical problems Nevertheless this is not a perfectly easy read uite natural because the subject matter is not easy but it still is worth the effort for everyone interested in philosophy

Free read à E-book, or Kindle E-pub ó Simon Blackburn

Think A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy

Think A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy Summary è 109 Free read à E-book, or Kindle E-pub ó Simon Blackburn Of philosophy and for understanding how major philosophers have tackled the uestions that have pressed themselves most forcefully on human consciousnes. The kind of books you read when you are bored it will surly make youTHINKand re think it all over again

Simon Blackburn ó 9 review

Think A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy Summary è 109 Free read à E-book, or Kindle E-pub ó Simon Blackburn Ho believes there are big uestions out there but does not know how to approach them Think provides a sound framework for exploring the most basic themes. A rather well structured introduction to philosophy Simon Blackburn s book is a good read for anybody interested in an overview of the biggest issues that contemporary philosophers are working on An issue that one may find when reading this book is a difficult writing style Blackburn has an odd style and it takes time to get used to the way he tries to get his point across If you can get past the difficult prose it s a solid introductory text