PDF EPUB Network Propaganda: Manipulation, Disinformation, and Radicalization in American Politics author Yochai Benkler – dugisits.co.za

  • Hardcover
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  • Network Propaganda: Manipulation, Disinformation, and Radicalization in American Politics
  • Yochai Benkler
  • en
  • 09 June 2020
  • null

Yochai Benkler ↠ 7 review

Read & Download ó Network Propaganda: Manipulation, Disinformation, and Radicalization in American Politics ´ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Aganda challenges that received wisdom through the most comprehensive study yet published on media coverage of American presidential politics from the start of the election cycle in April 2015 to the one year anniversary of the Trump presidency Analysing millions of news stories together with Twitter and Facebook shares broadcast television and YouTube the book provides a comprehensive overview of the architecture of contemporary American political communications Through data analysis and detailed ualitative case studies of coverage of immigration Clinton scandals and the Trump Russia investigation the book finds that the right wing media ecosystem op. If you want original research and in depth discussion and analysis of disinformation and media network structure this is the book for you You can find earlier research at the Harvard Berkman Klein Center for Internet Research at Harvard where these academics reside and you can also find less detailed but confirming research at Knight Foundation s professional journalism researchI particularly like the factual detail and close analysis of the 2016 election as well as the evolution of media structures over time and how they amplify or dampen misinformationThis is really a good book and one which I will share with and recommend to others Haunted Britain and Ireland Over 100 of the Scariest Places to Visit in the UK and Ireland in April 2015 to the one year anniversary of the Trump presidency Analysing millions of news stories together with Twitter and Facebook shares broadcast television and YouTube the book provides a comprehensive overview of the architecture of contemporary American political communications Through data analysis and detailed ualitative case studies of coverage of Kent Aile Tarih immigration Clinton scandals and the Trump Russia The Monarch Key investigation the book finds that the right wing media ecosystem op. If you want original research and Yosuga No Sora in depth discussion and analysis of disinformation and media network structure this The Devil's ueen is the book for you You can find earlier research at the Harvard Berkman Klein Center for Internet Research at Harvard where these academics reside and you can also find less detailed but confirming research at Knight Foundation s professional journalism researchI particularly like the factual detail and close analysis of the 2016 election as well as the evolution of media structures over time and how they amplify or dampen misinformationThis

Free read Network Propaganda: Manipulation, Disinformation, and Radicalization in American PoliticsNetwork Propaganda: Manipulation, Disinformation, and Radicalization in American Politics

Read & Download ó Network Propaganda: Manipulation, Disinformation, and Radicalization in American Politics ´ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Erates fundamentally differently than the rest of the media environment The authors argue that longstanding institutional political and cultural patterns in American politics interacted with technological change since the 1970s to create a propaganda feedback loop in American conservative media This dynamic has marginalized centre right media and politicians radicalized the right wing ecosystem and rendered it susceptible to propaganda efforts foreign and domestic For readers outside the United States the book offers a new perspective and methods for diagnosing the sources of and potential solutions for the perceived global crisis of democratic politi. Very well researched and alarming Whilst the focus of much concern has been in the Russian meddling this book makes clear it has been the decades long growth of far right media in the form of Fox News which is the rampaging Gorilla destroying US democracy Yosuga No Sora institutional political and cultural patterns The Devil's ueen in American politics Riverford Farm Cook Book Tales from the Fields Recipes from the Kitchen in American conservative media This dynamic has marginalized centre right media and politicians radicalized the right wing ecosystem and rendered Ghana Mali Songhay: The Western Sudan (African Kingdoms of the Past) it susceptible to propaganda efforts foreign and domestic For readers outside the United States the book offers a new perspective and methods for diagnosing the sources of and potential solutions for the perceived global crisis of democratic politi. Very well researched and alarming Whilst the focus of much concern has been قصة موسى عليه السلامفن علاج المحن in the Russian meddling this book makes clear The Secret Life of Sally Tomato Diary Series it has been the decades long growth of far right media Passion Flower Diary in the form of Fox News which Fan Girl Los Rancheros #1 is the rampaging Gorilla destroying US democracy

Free download ó eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ↠ Yochai Benkler

Read & Download ó Network Propaganda: Manipulation, Disinformation, and Radicalization in American Politics ´ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY NC ND 40 International licence It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations Is social media destroying democracy Are Russian propaganda or Fake news entrepreneurs on Facebook undermining our sense of a shared reality A conventional wisdom has emerged since the election of Donald Trump in 2016 that new technologies and their manipulation by foreign actors played a decisive role in his victory and are responsible for the sense of a post truth moment in which disinformation and propaganda thrives Network Prop. It s a new era According to the authors Technological processes beyond the control of any person or country the convergence of social media algorithmic news curation bots artificial intelligence and big data analysis were creating echo chambers that reinforced our biases were removing indicia or trustworthiness and were generally overwhelming our capacity to make sense of the world and with it our capacity to govern ourselves as reasonable democracies In this book the authors discuss these issues by applying a wide range of tools and data sets along with review of literature that developed before and after the 2016 election We see how the party of Reagan and the two Bush presidents was defeated by the party of Trump Breitbart and billionaire Robert Mercer Their work explains how a media ecosystem that initially benefited the GOPs gain of power ultimately spun out of controlThe first part of the book is entitled Epistemic Crisis The authors use many charts and diagrams to make their points These charts are very enlightening Part of the problem was the adoption by major media of the framing and agenda setting efforts of the right wing and the Trump campaign The Clinton scandal consumed the bulk of the media news not good if you want to win an election An interesting point made by the authors concerning the Russian interference Facebook algorithms and such is that these things depended on the asymmetric partisan ecosystem that has developed over the past four decades In other words technology can exacerbate existing conditions to the point of crisis only if the existing underlying fabric of society is already frayed The authors continue with definitions of propaganda and it elements words such as manipulation disinformation network propaganda propaganda feedback loop propaganda pipeline and the attention backbone There are then the effects of propaganda such as induced misperceptions distraction disorientation and misinformation This is followed by enhancing our understanding of the entire ecosystem the outlets and influencers who form networks the structure of networks and the flow of information in networks What is interesting is the virtual absence of the center right Further right we see how Facebook for example gave a large audience to Breitbart with a normal distribution of sites on the left Once again the authors make good use of charts and diagrams to illustrate the data I also found interesting that the authors concluded that architecture and the institutional character of the media outlets that constitute it that the Russians than the fake news entrepreneurs than Facebook advertising and than Cambridge Analytica are most directly responsible for the relevance and success of disinformation propaganda in the American media ecosystem A consistent pattern becomes discernable from the data there is not left right division but rather a division between the right and the rest of the media ecosystem The right wing behaves as predicted by models exhibiting high insularity with susceptibility to information cascades rumor and conspiracy A system of correcting falsehoods is not in play here On the left however there exists a media system exhibiting structural features that are robust to propaganda efforts and offer avenues for self correctionPart Two gets into the dynamics of network propaganda Here the authors discuss three primary mechanisms by which media ecosystems affect politics agenda setting priming and framing One chapter delves into immigration and islamophobia where we see the agenda is about immigration After the 2005 to 2007 years of bipartisan efforts to pass comprehensive immigration reform we see views on this subject diverge sharply Again the authors provide a plethora of charts and tables to support their research Breitbart sticks out as a bridge between white nationalists and the rest of the media ecosystem and again the center center left and left seem to form a single media ecosystem Another chapter is devoted to discussing three detailed case studies of how Fox News actively used its position at the core of the right wing media ecosystem to support the president in the central political controversy of his presidency Discussed is the deep state the Seth Rich conspiracy theory and the Uranium One story What I found interesting is that the theme of mainstream media bias touted by the right has existed at least since the 1944 launch of the right wing magazine Human Events Another interesting revelation is that the pattern of coverage of Clinton s email scandal show little difference between top right wing publications and top center and center left publications Through many charts and diagrams the authors showed just how Conspiracy theories falsehoods and rumors that fit the tribal narrative diffuse broadly and are sustained for longer on the right than in the rest of the media ecosystem In Part Three attention is turned to the primary culprits that have received sustained public attention as the alleged causes of our present moment of information disorder We are given examples of the propaganda pipeline which is the path from the periphery to the core though various amplification sites We learn also that because of their insular nature sites and social media diffusion networks that traffic in politically motivated falsehoods make the right wing susceptible to penetration and less capable of self correction This allows Russian propaganda efforts consistent with right wing American framings to insert themselves and gain credence in their media system There is discussion about sockpuppets bots cyborgs and ads and their influence in the election This discussion corners around Facebook Instagram and the Internet Research Agency We see the distinction between white and gray propaganda and useful idiots In the end authors tended to conclude that the hacking doxing and DNC leaks may have had minimal effect in the end And like span politically inflected commercial clickbait will be of an irritant than a crisis Instead the authors note that technological institutional and political dynamics have been interacting for over 40 years to lead the Republican Party and Republican voters to gradually become extreme versions of themselves Another important point made is that while political elite and political activists have been growing apart ideologically the majority of the public actually continue to hold moderate positions What I find scary is the conclusion that most voters are generally disinterested in politics and ill informed about political matters They are likely to make their voting choices based on a set of factors that have no relationship to the proposed agenda and competence of their favored candidate In many cases they choose their favorite leaders and then adopt the political views and stances of these leadersThe authors then segue into the origins of the asymmetry in the architecture of the American public sphere in the final part We re taken way back to Father Coughlin and his unfettered access by the FCC to the American public By the 1960s mainstream newspapers were already seen as biased by the right Out of an interaction between technological and regulatory changes we see emerge other mediums of communication such as cable televangelism and AM talk radio Most of this benefited the conservative movement In the discussion about the decentralization afforded by the internet and how it can support democratization the authors mention a susceptibility to five major failure modes Knowing these failure modes allows us to find possible solutions for our current epistemic crisis Following this we are given possible solutions to the matter The American online public sphere is a shambles because it was grafted onto a television and radio public sphere that was already deeply broken the authors say Nevertheless they feel their study is both optimistic and pessimistic about the possibilities for democracy in an age of ubiuitously networked communications