PDF or EPUB Bones Discovering the First Americans AUTHOR Elaine Dewar – dugisits.co.za

Summary Bones Discovering the First Americans

characters ¹ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ☆ Elaine Dewar Elaine Dewar ☆ 7 Download Summary Bones Discovering the First Americans Weapons Lawsuits threats violence The battlefield stretches from Chile to AlaskaDewar tells the stories that never find their way into scientific papers stories of mysterious deaths of the bones of evil shamen and the shadows falling on the lives of scientists who pulled them from the ground And she asks the new uestions arising out of the science of bones and the stories of first peoples What if Native Americans are right in their belief that they have always been in the Americas and did not migrate to the New World at the end of the Ice Age What if the New World's human story is as long and complicated as that of the Old What if the New World and the Old World have always been on. An excellent book for the ways it shows how politics have become the central story in the uestion of who arrived in the Americas first and when Some reviewers have criticised Dewar for going off on personal tangents We ll give those to her because she does a thorough job of describing the major finds in North and South America and does a good job of explaining why they challenge current theory I put current in inverted commas because the book was published in 2001 and recent discoveries may have made some of her research redundant It is still worth reading as a book that doesn t have it s own theory to push and the language is not technical

characters ¹ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ☆ Elaine DewarBones Discovering the First Americans

characters ¹ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ☆ Elaine Dewar Elaine Dewar ☆ 7 Download Summary Bones Discovering the First Americans Scientists not so long ago unanimously believed that people first walked to the New World from northeast Asia across the Bering land bridge at the end of the Ice Age 11000 years ago But in the last ten years new tools applied to old bones have yielded evidence that tells an entirely different storyIn Bones Elaine Dewar records the ferocious struggle in the scientific world to reshape our views of prehistory She traveled from the Mackenzie River valley in northern Canada to the arid plains of the Brazilian state of Piaui from the skull and bones lines offices of the Smithsonian Institution to the basement lab of an archaeologist in Washington State who wondered if the FBI was going to. 12417First read as interlibrary loan about ten years ago Spotted a used copy on Friends of Library sale shelves Previously reader had marked it very little and often same sentences that caught my interest A massive amount of research is reported clearly Some interesting characters among the scientists interviewed A book to read between exploring other pieces of print Read from the index following topics Reading it because my primary mental fantasy involves the arrival of humans in the Americas The New World in the East I seek information particularly about boats and routes used during the first migration by people who were eliminatedreplaced by subseuent migrationsuote concerning the waves of migration We show everything from 12000 to 9000 or 8000 BP note Mount Mazama looks non Mongoloid All after 8000 BP is Mongoloid There is no gradient Has there been research linking population change to Oregon s Mount Mazama eruption of the evidence cited in Bones supports the idea that earliest arrivals in the Americas were boat people for instance some early skeletal remains The Kennewick specimen featuring a morphology close to the Polynesians becomes clear evidence that a complex model for the peopling of the Americas is neededWizards Beach found not far from ancient fishing tools commonly found in Oregon Wizards Beach and Kennewick look like they could be brothersIn Chapter 21 the author introduces Alejandra Duk Rodkin as central figure in The Corridor That Wasn t The Cold Facts Behind the Absence of Evidence Here s the first paragraph displaying Dewar s writing styleA schizoid May morning in Calgary on one side of the river blue sky but to the north clouds black as an iron frying pan signaling a downpour This uncertain light fell on Alejandra Duk Rodkin s hair as she walked gracefully down the lobby staircase of the Geological Survey of Canada s western headuarters She was a surprising figure far too small for an overthrower of orthodoxy almost tiny beside the vast display wall of stone and concrete forms shaped like the fossil animals found throughout the West She had pixie cut shiny black hair huge brown eyes with thick black lashes a gorgeous smile She was born in Chile and finished her undergraduate work at the Catholic University of Valparaiso in 1971 There was no graduate education in geology to be had in Chile then or now So she took a scholarship from the Soviet Union and went to Moscow State University The Russians offered the best scholarship in the world a salary to study stayed for seven years Finished her doctorate on Chilean geology married a Russian geological scientist She was offered a job teaching applied geology to civil engineers at the University of Santiago in Chile which she accepted in 1980 It took her husband another year and a half to get permission to leave the Soviet Union Soon after he arrived the director of the university left and a person from the military was put in charge Pinochet was then at the height of his power So he decided to clean house she said with a wry smile Those who could be linked to the left were not welcome Canada took us in was how she put it In Calgary she studied English and got a three month contract job with the Geological Survey of Canada which eventually turned into a permanent position which to me was like winning the lottery I started working on the problem of the Glacial Mackenzie River she said It took her ten years to be sure she was right In 1994 she published a paper that threw out much of what people previously thought they knew about the formation of the Mackenzie River Before the last period of glaciation the old Mackenzie River system a mighty skein of tributaries had drained through and past Hudson Bay The last and greatest thrust of the Laurentide ice sheet changed what had been unchanged for millions of years and resulted in the Mackenzie River flowing north parallel to the mountain front the Cordilleran valley glaciers grew and coalesced and then advanced down the mountains toward the plains the two great ice masses actually joined each other Duk Rodkin s maps for this period show one large continuous gray ice zone across the mountains and right down over the whole interior of the continent After 12000 BP they separate very fast At 11000 BP there are glacial lakes all over Could one have walked through the mountains from Alaska to the south Could people have walked across these glaciers You can walk on it she said but the lakes interrupt everywhere These glacial melt lakes were bitterly cold with practically no life in them No one could have made their way south from Alaska without some means of crossing the lakes In other words in order for ancient people to have walked into the interior by this mountain route they would have had to have reliable and portable boats a technology that most proponents of the Bering Strait theory are unwilling to credit to the First AmericansFirst review This book covers one of my non fiction sweet spots However it is too long Recommended for those interested in the ancient Americas Skimming suggested For readers who prefer to be involved with multiple books simultaneously Appreciate Dewar s passion and perspective She s Canadian tooIntroductionThis book begins with a simple uestion Where did Native Americans come from For than a century this answer was ready for anyone who needed it Native Americans came from somewhere else from Asia All are descendants of the same immigrant people So why you might ask should a journalist investigate Journalists are willing to go anywhere to be passionate fools to ask innocent uestions to ignore barriers to look for patterns that connect disciplines and solitudes and to have no vested interest Journalists are the last of the generalists We are also a little like bees We dip into everybody s business and carry the news along We cross pollinate We fertilize Sometimes we stingChapter One Asian Origins the practice of archaeology has become a disgrace There are laws and rules which have turned archaeology into a kind of handmaiden of industrial development All archaeology has to be done under license and is supposed to be document but the whole system is a sham Very little archaeology is published in peer reviewed journals Most of it is done by contract archaeologist who salvage sites about to be destroyed by development which means they dig them remove what they find and write up their findings Bu then their reports languish in a provincial archive closed to the public unavailable even to academics The copper tool had been made almost 3000 years before metal tools were forged in Europe Why I asked the archaeologist wasn t the fantastic antiuity of metalworking in North America widely known Well he replied sardonically do you read a journal called Radiocarbon It is still accepted that the First Americans came on foot from Siberia simply followed herds of buffalo caribou or mammoths over the dry strait into Alaska Oddly enough most of the sites with the oldest dates had been found in the lower United States not Alaska if archaeology is a science why had so much of it languished unpublished in government archives and private basements Without publication and independent evaluation what use are these reports Similarly why had the story of the First Americans been built on such a small base of evidence And given that the evidence base was small why wasn t there dissentThis story of the First Americans turned out to be deeply mired in politics of the worst sort land politics religious politics academic politics For one thing many Native people consider the Beringian Walk to be a ridiculous theory According to their oral histories and beliefs they have been in the Americas for time immemorial They are not just another group of immigrants Further they see this story as something invented to undermine their land claims Chapter 3 Found and Lost The Misplaced Remains of the Accepted Path Interestingly the oldest of the North American remains they had listed had been found in Texas and in Florida This was not the sort of distribution one would expect if the Bering Strait was the point of entry Canada was a blank a place through which it was assumed the First Americans must have passed but from which no evidence was offered upOne American scholar who had looked north of the border to see what had been found in Canada was the person who presented Kennewick Man to the world James Chatters He told me of at least one ancient skeleton about the same age as Kennewick Man found in British Columbia in the late 1970s at a place called Gore Creek explained what had happened to the Gore Creek remains For years he said Native people had been asking for the return of their ancestors remains which they knew were in the museum One Native person acting as an individual organized a sit in Within days the museum handed over forty five boxes of human remains to three bands The Gore Creek remains were included If I wanted to know where they were exactly the curator suggested I speak to the bands involved Each band had taken a few He had no idea where each of the remains had been interred nor did he have any knowledge of the Gore Creek remains This was the euivalent of reburying King Tutankhamen without marking the siteNow things had changed I had already told Chatters that Gore Creek had been reburied I thought I d call him about this one but I wanted to find the skeleton first I called the anthropology department at the University of Toronto No one in archaeology knew where these remains could be When the Milton Thomazi remains were found Milton and Savage were both very aware that Native people were upset about the digging demanding that bones be reburied without study The two of them were determined to save these remains for science Howard Savage had kept the remains in his lab at the university all those yearsBut Friesen can t find them in the database I saidOf course not Milton replied Savage never entered them into the university database Deliberately That way the Native groups would not hear of them and ask for them back

Elaine Dewar ☆ 7 Download

characters ¹ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ☆ Elaine Dewar Elaine Dewar ☆ 7 Download Summary Bones Discovering the First Americans Come for him She met scientists at war with each other and sought to see for herself the oldest human remains on these continents Along the way she found that the old answer to the uestion of who were the First Americans was steeped in the bitter tea of racism Bones explores the ambiguous terrain left behind when a scientific paradigm is swept away It tells the stories of the archaeologists Native American activists DNA experts and physical anthropologists scrambling for control of ancient bones of Kennewick Man Spirit Cave and the oldest one of all a woman named Luzia At stake are professional reputations lucrative grants fame vindication even the reburial of wandering spirits The. I wanted to like this book I really did In fact I was predisposed to LOVE this bookBut my god it just drones on and on and on I m not sure I ve ever read a book that needed an editor so badly Normally I have no problem with long books the longer the better but the hardcover edition of Bones clocks in at 628 pages and needs to be cut in halfThe narrative starts out strongly enough and some of it is uite evocative We learn interesting things and consider provocative uestions But I started to lose steam halfway through during the author s interminable description of her trip to Brazil What she ate what she wore what shade of lipstick her guide was wearing WHO CARES I finally started to skim and scan pages searching for tidbits that were actually worth readingThere is so Much Unnecessary And uninteresting Stuff Cluttering up this bookBased on the introduction I thought I knew what the point of this book was going to be But I don t any

  • Paperback
  • 640
  • Bones Discovering the First Americans
  • Elaine Dewar
  • English
  • 24 June 2020
  • 9780679311546