EBOOK Early Indians BY Tony Joseph – dugisits.co.za


  • Hardcover
  • 256
  • Early Indians
  • Tony Joseph
  • English
  • 19 November 2020
  • 9789386228987
Early Indians

Summary Early Indians Tony Joseph º 4 Read Read î Early Indians 104 Ulturalists from Iran between 7000 and 3000 BCE and pastoralists from the Central Asian Steppe between 2000 and 1000 BCE among others As Joseph unravels our history using the results of genetic and other research he takes head on some of the most controversial and uncomfortable uestions of Indian history Who were the Harappans Did the 'Aryans' really migrate to India Are North Indians genetically different from South Indians And are the various castes genetically distinct groups This book relies. As India enters the third decade of the twenty first century one would presume that modern science would form the focus of an emerging nation of young people like India But uantum computing artificial intelligence and advanced medical research do not dominate the conversations Instead India is bogged down by uestions such as who is acceptable as an Indian citizen and how to build a very tall temple in Ayodhya etc The ruling elite is busy pushing the idea of one nation one language one culture with the North Indian Hindi speaking upper caste Hindu as the uintessential Indian Naturally the hundreds of millions of Indians who do not belong in this narrow category recoil instinctively against such a fabrication of the truth That is why it is of great importance that every educated person in India must read this seminal work by Tony Joseph The book provides a gripping account of the pre history of India going back 65000 years It combines recent advances in the studies of the human genome with philology archaeology and anthropology to make a compelling case I found the book difficult to put down even though the sections on genetics needed careful reading to understand their import on the story of the early Indians I should hasten to add that the book is eminently accessible to everyone without having to be well versed in genetics or archaeology or linguistics When I finished the book I was in wonderment and awe of the insights of modern science and how it can stitch together and decode events that took place than 65000 years ago The precision and detail with which science can elucidate India s pre history leaves me proud and humbled at the same time Let us get into this fascinating storyConclusive DNA evidence now shows that modern humans outside of Africa are all descendants of a single population of Out of Africa OoA migrants They moved into Asia around 70000 years ago They then spread around the world replacing their genetic cousins like the Homo Neanderthalensis reaching India about 65000 years ago They are called the First Indians Because they got to India early India had the largest human population even 20000 years ago Around 7000 BCE migrants from the Zagros mountains in today s Iran arrived and mixed with the First Indians These people helped spread the agriculture that was the catalyst for the creation of the great urban civilization called the Harappan the author prefers this term instead of the Indus valley civilization today It developed over five thousand years reaching its peak between 2600 BCE and 1900 BCE However centuries of drought caused its decline destroying its irrigation systems and agriculture The Harappans had no option but to migrate elsewhere into India towards the south and the east Around 2000 BCE migrants from east Asia arrived in India bringing with them their rice variety and their languages Mundari and Khasi spoken in the eastern and central parts of India even today are examples of these Austro Asiatic languages India owes them the hybridization of the indica and japonica rice subspecies Finally the last migrants to India came between 2000 and 1000 BCE from Central Asia and the Eurasian Steppe They were pastoral people who spoke Indo European languages and called themselves Aryan They were rural people spoke proto Sanskrit emphasized pastoralism and cattle breeding over the urban settlement They were a warrior like people and their influx was largely male driven Conseuently they created a patriarchal patrilocal and patrilineal Vedic culture They mixed with the Austro Asiatics and the Harappans in various proportions resulting in the Indians of today Where does all this research leave the many modern day myths in Indian history today The book gives scientific data to establish the following conclusions1 The closest direct living descendants of the First Indians today are found in the Little Andaman Island They are the Onge people who number barely a hundred down from 670 in the year 19002 We now know who the most authentic Indians are They are the Adivasistribals who form about 8% of India s population The tribal woman today is most likely to be carrying the deepest rooted and widest spread mtDNA lineage M2 in India Genetically she represents all of our histories with little left out The tribals are THE Indians 3 It is ridiculous to say that Indian culture is synonymous with AryanSanskritVedic culture Instead it is the result of interaction adoption and adaptation among those who brought Indo European languages proto Sanskrit speaking Aryans to India and those who were already well settled inhabitants proto Dravidian speaking Harappans 4 Many popular practices in India today are examples of cultural continuity from the Harappan civilization rather than from the Vedic corpus Some of are the many Harappan traditions we carry on today area Houses built around courtyardsb Bullock cartsc the way women wear banglesd the manner of tree worshipe Sanctity of the peepul treef the kulladhhandleless clay cupg the ubiuitous Indian cooking poth designs and motifs in jewelry pottery and sealsi games of dicej an early form of chessk the humble lota Indians use to wash up even todayl the practice of applying sindoor vermilionm and some measurement systems5 The Aryans were NOT a Harappan Civilization people6 The absence of genetic signatures proves that NO Out of India migration spread Indo European languages around the world Had it been so anytime before or after the Harappan Civilization we would see genetic footprints of the First Indians all over from Central Asia to Western Europe But there are no close relatives of the First Indians anywhere else in the worldThe chapter on the Harappans has fascinating details about the civilization Some of them are1 One striking feature is the lack of representation of violence between humans The seals which depict violence involve either supernatural beings and humans or animals and humans2 Almost every house had a toilet3 At its height the Harappan Civilization covered a million suare kilometers about a third of today s India Still it was knit together through common standards of weights seals script and city design It seems to have been less conflict prone than the Egyptian and Mesopotamian counterparts4 Lavish palaces temples and burial sites are conspicuous by their absence It was probably held together by an elite group who shared power rather than through a powerful king5 The Harappans used a script which is called Proto Elamite but has not yet been deciphered It is an early form of the Dravidian languages of today s South India McAlpin lists eighty one words with close correspondence between the Harappan language and south India s Dravidian languages like TamilThe author goes on to correct other false conceptions about India The Marxian view of India is that of an unchanging India Whereas the Hindu nationalist view of India is that it has degraded over time from the Vedic perfection of time immemorial The author argues that both are wrong and based on misconceptions India has been ever changing and dynamic Its history has been full of energy as any lively society s history would be All this in spite of the dead weight of casteism that it has carried now for two thousand yearsPandit Jawaharlal Nehru described the essence of India with the phrase Unity in Diversity This book shows that it is not an empty phrase but an eminently appropriate one Tony Joseph uotes Dr David Reich that genetically it is wrong to view India as having a tremendously large population The Han Chinese are genetically a genuinely large population because they have been mixing freely for thousands of years In contrast the degree of genetic differentiation among Indian jati groups living side by side in the same village is typically two or three times higher than the genetic divergence between even northern and southern Europeans So few if any Indian groups are demographically large The truth is that India is composed of a large number of small populations Nehru was spot on in describing India as embodying Unity in Diversity The book spans multiple disciplines covering genetics philology and archaeology It is an outstanding example of writing with clarity It also shows the marvelous way the scientific method works I hope textbooks on India s pre history would be updated to include these recent findings A book that every Indian interested in his or her origins must read

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Summary Early Indians Tony Joseph º 4 Read Read î Early Indians 104 Who are we Indians Where did we come from Many of us believe our ancestors have lived in South Asia since 'time immemorial' But as it turns out 'time immemorial' may not have been all that long ago To tell us the story of our ancestry journalist Tony Joseph goes 65000 years into the past when a band of modern humans or Homo sapiens first made their way from Africa into the Indian subcontinent Citing recent DNA evidence he traces the subseuent large migrations of modern humans into India of agric. India has had a weird relationship with its history prior to Mauryan empire History by its nature is imprecise but in this case confusion is compounded by the fact that Harappan script remains undeciphered and there are very few archaeological remains of Vedic society The confusion has only been furthered by ideologically motivated or imaginative thinkers who have colored this phase of history with their own agendas Top example remains forcibly trying to conflate Harrapans with Vedic society by force fitting Harrapan civilization as Sarasvati civilization Other examples include myths of Aryan purity artificial divide between Dravidians North Indians and nature and scale of Vedic society itself What remains underappreciated in this mess is that Harappan Civilisation was the largest and most widespread of its time with large population and huge cities which ideally should make us proud We somehow have failed to relate to our Harrapan ancestors yes ancestors in our cultural consciousnessThis book masterfully breaks through all this confusion and provides clarity and perspective to answer all such uestions The modern science of genetics linguistics paleo geology anthropology and archaeology are now beginning to provide a clearer picture and this book translates the latest ideas for laymenThe narrative that emerges only makes us prouder as Indians and brings us closer to our own heritage The message of unity in diversity is not only a slogan but is integral part of our own genetic makeup and our rich historical storyPS I am further excited to pay a visit to scores of Harappan sites after reading this book Spirit Guides that long ago To Alphas Menage: A MMM Shifter Romance (Chasing The Hunters Book 1) tell us Desire the story of our ancestry journalist Tony Joseph goes 65000 years into La cuisine de lénergie: 30 jours pour se remettre à bloc ! (pratique) the Indian subcontinent Citing recent DNA evidence he The Power Game Black Lace the subseuent large migrations of modern humans into India of agric. India has had a weird relationship with its history prior The Gift of Shame to Mauryan empire History by its nature is imprecise but in Shy Shemale Bride this case confusion is compounded by Dare Me Again (Angel Fire Falls, #2) the fact Tex: Colorado Belle (Spanish Edition) there are very few archaeological remains of Vedic society The confusion has only been furthered by ideologically motivated or imaginative Jangan Jauhi Aku thinkers who have colored Black Desires this phase of history with The Two Cities their own agendas Top example remains forcibly The Paper Bag Baby trying The Shroud at Court to conflate Harrapans with Vedic society by force fitting Harrapan civilization as Sarasvati civilization Other examples include myths of Aryan purity artificial divide between Dravidians North Indians and nature and scale of Vedic society itself What remains underappreciated in Data-Driven Leadership this mess is The Funny Farm that Harappan Civilisation was Applying Ethics: A Text with Readings time with large population and huge cities which ideally should make us proud We somehow have failed Conan le Cimmérien - La Fille du géant du gel: La fille du géant du gel to relate The Core to our Harrapan ancestors yes ancestors in our cultural consciousnessThis book masterfully breaks Zeus, Inc. (The Alex Grosjean Adventures Book 1) through all The Message this confusion and provides clarity and perspective The Complete Ghita of Alizarr Eros Graphic Novel No 42 to answer all such uestions The modern science of genetics linguistics paleo geology anthropology and archaeology are now beginning The Slave Factory to provide a clearer picture and Greenwash The Reality Behind Corporate Environmentalism this book De Alfabetweter translates Marketing digital Pour les Nuls (French Edition) the latest ideas for laymenThe narrative Efendimiz 'den Dualar that emerges only makes us prouder as Indians and brings us closer European Witch Trials Their Foundations in Popular and Learned Culture 1300 1500 to our own heritage The message of unity in diversity is not only a slogan but is integral part of our own genetic makeup and our rich historical storyPS I am further excited Too Beautiful to Dance to scores of Harappan sites after reading Gilded Lily this book

Summary Early Indians

Summary Early Indians Tony Joseph º 4 Read Read î Early Indians 104 Heavily on path breaking DNA research of recent years But it also presents earlier archaeological and linguistic evidence all in an entertaining and highly readable manner A hugely significant book Early Indians authoritatively and bravely puts to rest several ugly debates on the ancestry of modern Indians It not only shows us how the modern Indian population came to be composed as it is but also reveals an undeniable and important truth about who we are we are all migrants And we are all mixed. After Rakhigarhi study this book is very outdated now In his book he claimed there is decisive proof that Vedic Aryas were foreigners who entered India from Central Asia around 1500 BC and brought Vedic Sanskrit and Vedic religion with them In twitter after Rakhigarhi study He says Harappan genome lacks ancestry from Iranian farmers But in his book published a few months ago Tony completely contradicts himself and claims Harappan Genome is a mixture of Iranian farmers and First Indians In twitter Tony claims he strongly made a point in his book that farming began Independently in India However he does no such thing in his book Instead he posits Iranian farmers migrated into India and most possibly introduced Agricultural practices before mixing with first IndiansAnd how can we forget Sinauli from Uttar Pradesh and Keeladi from Tamil Nadu Those study also need to be updated